Huysmans, Joris-Karl


Huysmans, Joris-Karl
(1848-1907) (Charles-Marie-Georges Huysmans)
   writer
   Of Dutch origin, Charles-Marie-Georges Huysmans, whose pen name is Joris-Karl Huysmans, was born in Paris, where, after a "youth filled with humiliation and trouble," he spent 30 years as a minor government official. Huysmans passed most of his free time writing, however, and after a collection of prose poems, Le Drageoir aux épices (1874), he published an article, "L'Assommoir," and a novel, Les Soeurs Vatard (1879), which brought him to the attention of émile zola, with whom he then became good friends. Huysmans worked on a collection, Les Soirées de Médan (1880), and then in En ménage (1881) and À vau-l'eau (1882), he describes with derision a daily life filled with dull existences. His pessimism is apparent in À rebours (Against the Grain; 1884), in which his hero, Des Esseintes, vainly seeks salvation in art and literature. À Rebours is considered the best example of decadence, with Huysmans as one of its leading exponents. The decadent writers had a desire to shock, to cultivate artifice and the abnormal, and sought inspiration in aestheticism (art for art's sake), independent of moral and social concerns. Durtal, a hero of his other novels (Là-Bas, 1891; En route, 1894; La Cathédrale, 1898; L'Oblat, 1903), is based on Huysmans's own conversion from the occult to Catholicism. Huysmans's championing of the impressionists (edgar degas, claude monet, camille pissarro, odilon redon), along with naturalism and symbolism in L'Art moderne (1883), had a strong influence at the time. He was elected to the Académie Goncourt in 1897.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Huysmans, Joris Karl — • French novelist (1848 1907) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Huysmans, Joris Karl     Joris Karl Huysmans …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Huysmans, Joris-Karl — orig. Charles Marie Georges Huysmans born Feb. 5, 1848, Paris, France died May 12, 1907, Paris French Decadent writer. His early works, influenced by contemporary naturalism, were followed by far more individual and violent works. The first was… …   Universalium

  • Huysmans, Joris-Karl — orig. Charles Marie Georges Huysmans (5 feb. 1848, París, Francia–12 may. 1907, París). Escritor francés del decadentismo (ver decadentistas). Sus primeras obras que muestran la influencia del naturalismo de entonces, fueron seguidas de otras más …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Huysmans, Joris-Karl —  (1848–1907) French novelist …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Joris-Karl Huysmans — Joris Karl Huysmans. Born February 5, 1848 (1848 02 05) Paris, France …   Wikipedia

  • Joris-karl huysmans — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Huysmans. Joris Karl Huysmans …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joris-Karl Huysman — Joris Karl Huysmans (eigentlich Georges Marie Charles Huysmans; * 5. Februar 1848 in Paris; † 12. Mai 1907 ebd.) war ein französischer Schriftsteller. Joris Karl Huysmans Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joris Karl Huysmans — (eigentlich Georges Marie Charles Huysmans; * 5. Februar 1848 in Paris; † 12. Mai 1907 ebd.) war ein französischer Schriftsteller. Joris Karl Huysmans Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joris-Karl Huysmans — Huysmans al final de su vida. Nombre completo Charles Marie Georges Huysmans Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Joris Karl Huysmans —     Joris Karl Huysmans     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Joris Karl Huysmans     A French novelist; born in Paris, 5 February, 1848; died 12 May, 1907. He studied at the Lycee Saint Louis. At the age of twenty, he obtained a post in the Ministry of… …   Catholic encyclopedia


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